Tuesday, May 08, 2012

P N Balji : Soul Searching needed in govt policies


Excellent Article from Yahoo News : 
I added some comments in red.
The quick backstory of what Singaporeans have seen since the results of the 7 May 2011 general elections shows a People's Action Party government correcting policy mistakes that got voters so worked up that they brought the ruling party's share of vote to a historic low of  60.1 per cent and threw out two ministers and a senior minister of state from a group representation constituency (GRC).
Some unpopular ministers left the Cabinet, and hot-button issues like transport, immigration and housing are now being tackled with some urgency and eagerness.The phrase  "inclusive growth" keeps cropping up in politicians' speeches and interviews.
Roots vs Reality
But what we have yet to see is the policy makers taking a close and hard look at this government's ideological roots and whether the policies that grew out of these firm beliefs are still relevant. And more important, whether they are realistic to a population that find their lives squeezed by demands at home and at work.
It is hard for a govt to stay in power with unchanging ideological beliefs. Rising income gap has driven voters in USA and France to lean towards left wing ideologies.  The PAP has gone to far to the right (call it ultra-conservative) in the economic policies characterized by extremely low social spending, high defense spending, low taxes for the rich, a tolerance for rising income gap and poverty.  The ideologies that drove PAP policies were perhaps highly suitable in the earlier decades of development when rapid economic growth from developing to developed country masked some of the disadvantages of earlier policies.  With today's rising income gap leading to a high level of discontent, these policies have to be revamped to address today's issues and current problems.
For instance, there is a crying need for a public debate on whether the policy of letting transport be run by public-listed companies is still the right way. The mess that SMRT found itself in with last year's disruptions can be traced back to this policy.
The disadvantages of the current transport model has become painfully obvious to everyone yet the PAP continues to resist major changes. 
Saw Phaik Hwa was recruited to run trains, buses and taxis with essentially one KPI: Bring in more revenue by squeezing more money out of the retail space in MRT stations. She did an admirable job with retail revenue making up more than 40 per cent of total income.
But she forget that her organisation was also a public transport operator. Worse, her board and the regulator didn't remind Saw that she had the dual role of making money and providing an efficient, reliable and comfortable transport service.
If they had, then the second scary lapse at the Bedok MRT depot would not have happened. The nonchalant attitude she displayed after a train was vandalised at the Bishan depot clearly showed a transport system heading towards a crash.
I guess this was the start of the problems. The security lapses gave us strong hints that cost cutting may have gone too far.  
That crash came about in December last year when two major train disruptions and the subsequent inquiry prised open a can of worms that were eating away at what was once described proudly as the world's best transport system.
Still, no effort is being made to ask: Can the dual aims of making money and providing a public transport system continue to work?
Many people point to the privatized Hong Kong system that seems to work. However, why introduce this tension between money making goals and provision of public transport service . There are many nationalized public transport systems that are success stories....and we have a good efficient govt that can do this right. Given our unique situation in which the private transport is restricted by COEs, there is far greater need for an outstanding public transport system...getting by with minimum standards is not going to elevate the quality of life here...here is where you can spend money and get great results.   
Healthcare cost is another ideological issue that needs to be taken off the policy holders' shelves, dusted and given a close and critical look. Just today, there is a letter in The Straits Times which tells the tale of  an elderly patient who has to pay $1,200 for 90 tablets of a drug  that he has to take for his postrate cancer. But generic versions of the drug are available at $160 for 100 tablets in accredited on-line pharmacies, the letter writer says.

You can expect more such real-life complaints to rise as an ageing society takes its toll on Singapore.
Soul-searching is also needed for Singapore's other policies like housing and  immigration and whether they are trapped in the ideologies of the old. And whether these beliefs, though they have brought the country from marshland to metropolis, are still sustainable.
The starting point of this appraisal should be that every sacred cow can be scrutinised and slayed, if necessary.
Rational vs Emotional
I happened to read a blog post by Minister of State (National Development) Tan Chuan-Jin reacting to a netizen's complaint about the price of public housing. Is the housing situation really so dire; Is the HDB flat so out of reach, Tan asks and then goes on to give a calm, rational and, I must say, compelling, explanation of how prices of flats are fixed.
Minister Tan's posting is found here. He explains how HDB prices new  flats. You can accept his logic that the price has to be linked to the resale market. You can also accept his argument that HDB sells a wide range of flats so people can select the one they can't afford. However, such explanations cannot address the discontent because flat prices have been rising faster than income and people cannot afford the flats they want and expect. Why do prices rise faster than income? ...it is not just free market forces, the PAP govt added too many people onto this tiny island causing our population density to be higher than that of Hong Kong and housing demand has gone up and along with it prices. 
From a rational and textbook point of view, Tan's explanation should have easily settled the matter.
I don't think it settles anything. People are still unhappy.
But nope, the story line did not go this way. The reactions to his blog post show a public not satisfied with his explanation and take us to the heart of an issue that the leaders, despite the hammering they got at GE 2011, have yet to come to grips with.
The experience of a lady who has just started a charity project is instructive: "I found out quickly that there is no point talking to the people I am helping about why and how they got into their situations. What they are looking for is an immediate fix, like paying their utitility bills or putting food on their table.
"I do that first. Once that is done, they are prepared to listen to me on how to get out of their helplessness."
The leaders have gone to great lengths to communicate and engage with the stakeholders. They are on nearly every available platform; the traditional face-to-face sessions have also not been forgotten.
But, they have yet to master the art of communication to a diverse audience.
There is nothing new to tell in the Singapore story. Many know this story well enough... it is a small country, a nation with scarce resources, that nobody gave it a chance of success; its policies have worked very well to take it from third world to first world status. Even western journalists, once the biggest critics, are now eating out of Singapore's hand.
This story, if told in a rational and calm way can only make for boring reading. But you can tell this is in a compelling way if you become a story teller. Unfortunately, we have only one such story teller in Singapore: Lee Kuan Yew.
Look back at the speeches he has made, read his books. There is really no new material there, but they are still good stories.
The language he uses, the anecdotes he gives and the connections he makes with the audience show that a yawning communication gap exists between people like him and present-day leaders.

Dig in or test it?

There is a great opportunity to test the effectiveness of the government's actions post GE 2011. With a by-election looming in Hougang, the PM can go further and hold a few more, giving Singaporeans a chance to say what they think of governance in this new normal.
We are all eagerly waiting for this by-election and clearer signals can be expected.
It is time for a few of the older MPs to leave the scene and bring in new faces. Although such tests go against the PAP ideology, there is precedence. In 1992, Goh Chok Tong took that step to test the popularity of a government under a new PM.
Governing Singapore is getting tougher by the day. The good times of high economic growth are not likely to last. Social pressures that come with a growing income divide, an ageing population and a free and easy online world all make the future a difficult one.
The good times are not really so good anymore for the ordinary Singaporeans. The economic boom of 2007 and 2010 have been accompanied by high inflation. In March 2012, we saw an inflation rate of 5.2% .
The "free and easy online world" merely serve to overcome the propaganda in the mainstream media and wake Singaporeans to see reality for what it is.  
With such dark clouds forming in the horizon, ideological traps are the last thing the government wants to be caught in.
P N Balji has more than 35 years experience as a journalist. He is now a media consultant.

65 comments:

Anonymous said...

i agree that the fundamental ideological stance of pap remains unchanged.

take for example, the housing woes. it's obvious that pple are unhappy over two issues: (1)ever rising housing prices vis a vis stagnating incomes, (2) foreign PRs buy, rent and can live off the capital gains when they retire in home country.

what pap chooses to do is simply to build more flats, hoping to provide houses to citizens who need them at high market rate, less a discount. the latter is cleverly disguised as a "subsidy". it chooses not to examine its brand of economic-growth-at-all-costs that is supported by excessive-cheap-foreign-labour.

this is clearly a party that does not give a hoot for ordinary citizens. whatever it did in the past "for the country", it did largely out of political expediency. you bet your last dollar that political power, and not interest of the citizens, is what pap is really after.

Anonymous said...

You must have sold your house for a profit and waiting for prices to go south? You are desperate if it doesn't? I know of many people who are like you.

Anonymous said...

You must be hoping the prices go sky high and waiting to cash out and emigrate. I know of many people who are like you.

Anonymous said...

Anon @ 19:20

U must hv bought many properties like the pap elites. Bear in mind Newton's law of gravity - what goes up must come down and what goes higher up will come down even harder.
All you need is to look at the recent US housing bubble, the Irish bubble & the Spanish property bubble to give you a clue of what happens after the bubble.
I pray that it doesnt happen to us but if it does, it will land squarely on the shoulders of the PAP leaders for not being far sighted enough. When we have a low interest rate economy like Japan, asset bubbles formed during the euphoria tend to get so out of hand that it can take decades for it to recover!

Anonymous said...

http://www.sodahead.com/united-states/why-do-voters-continue-to-vote-corrupt-politicians-into-office-monkey-experiment-explains-why/question-2443625/

Monkey experiment. Why do people continue to vote for corrupt politicians?

Anonymous said...

"The economic boom of 2007 and 2010 have been accompanied by high inflation. In March 2012, we saw an inflation rate of 5.2%."
Lucky Tan

Inflation rate of 5% or more had also happened before GE 2011.

The fact that PAP could still win 60% votes in GE 2011 shows that this is all very well tolerated by the majority voters. In fact tolerated too well.

So if this is not an issue in GE 2011, why should it be an issue in GE 2016?

Anonymous said...

"So if this is not an issue in GE 2011, why should it be an issue in GE 2016?"
Anon 8/5/12 20:44

There will be no issue for PAP as long as the opposition in GE 2016 is still the same or worse than the opposition of 2011.

Just look at the opposition since GE 2011? Have they grown stronger and better? Has Lucky Tan announce that he will join opposition?

This alone speaks volumes on the future of the opposition.

Anonymous said...

In order for the opposition to grow stronger and better, smart and talented people need to join its ranks.

But the thing is there are plenty of opportunities in Singapore for smart and talented people to make lots of money and hence they will not suffer under PAP policies.

So why would they want to be in opposition and opposing?

At most, if they have spare time, they will just sit in their arm chair and blog only lah. Maybe blogging has even become their hobby to exercise their brain and talents!

Anonymous said...

Correction - it is 60% and dropping if you follow the voting trend! At the rate that it is falling, PAP will lose the majority by next election!

Anonymous said...

Just like you loh

Anonymous said...

This annoying PAP troll who keep harping on the 60% majority is yet proof that PAP does not care about the lowest common denominator. And all it really takes is for the lowest common denominator ie. LGBT, Malays, Indians, Caucasians, Single parents, Aged, Unemployed + 40% to all come together and you will form the next majority. Otherwise, you can forget about PAP giving any rights and paying attention to you.

Anonymous said...

The pap is fucked. It is heading into the dustbin of history.

Anonymous said...

Just keep voting Opposition and more and more talented people will join the Opposition.

Anyhow, I think the Opposition parties are talented enough.
Stop being brainwashed by PAP into measuring talent by academic achievements.

PAP uses taxpayers money to grant government scholarships.
So now you are a government scholar.
Bonded to the civil service.
So will you become an Opposition politician?

This is how talent is restricted and controlled.

5 reasons why.... said...

#1 The PAP is not f---ed
#2 All land is owned by PAP therefore housing market will not blow up
#3 Singaporeans afraid to die, so will not gamble with having opposition in power..
#4 Opposition does not offer to take over the cabinet.
#5 New singaporeans will be created regardless if you like or not.

patriot said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Anonymous said...

Anonymous said...
Anon @ 19:20

U must hv bought many properties like the pap elites. Bear in mind Newton's law of gravity - what goes up must come down and what goes higher up will come down even harder.
All you need is to look at the recent US housing bubble, the Irish bubble & the Spanish property bubble to give you a clue of what happens after the bubble.
I pray that it doesnt happen to us but if it does, it will land squarely on the shoulders of the PAP leaders for not being far sighted enough. When we have a low interest rate economy like Japan, asset bubbles formed during the euphoria tend to get so out of hand that it can take decades for it to recover!

8/5/12 20:24

That's why I say, many people like you believe that prices will go south and since prices are high now, sell your properties and wait for your prophecy to come true right?

But alas, those who profited from selling high have waited too long and not stir shit with the govt hoping they will engineer a price correction down south so they can repeat the whole cycle and laugh all the way to the bank mah.

Moral of the story: don't sell without a roof over your head or you ll regret.

james lim said...

defense spending has now gone beyond the realm of reason and is indicative of the strength of the military industrial complex in the cabinet e.g generals as ministers.

sporeans do not know what is happening to them...there is this blind belief in the ruling party.

Anonymous said...

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=6djwKu-YbCY#!

What the hell is PM Lee talking about?!
Learning from other countries when it comes to labour wages...so many examples around and what have they learnt NOT to implement? When we learnt from other countries regarding politician's pay, they say there are no examples..they are different. Now when it comes to workers, they come up with so many crab excuses.

We don't need extra HDBs or Hospitals if the govt isn't bringing in more new migrants/people. All these excess jobs (so called opportunities) are just cheap grabs to push GDP and activities for the sake of activities. There's no real intelligent growth here but just filling up the sweatshop/bodies to drive numbers. These kinds of jobs (growth) are jobs that can be taken anytime to 3rd world countries..india/phillipine/china in no time. The lag of productivity is precisely because of the quality of workers.

Anonymous said...

http://rightways.wordpress.com/2012/05/04/malaysias-minimum-wages-benefits-and-effects/

This PM is out of touch. Talk so much on training and productivity and like as if workers are already getting high wages.....

Anonymous said...

If there's anyone nimble and proactive in Singapore, it's the PAP. They will adapt and reinvent and do whatever it takes to maintain their hold on power, be it bringing in more foreigners, handing out PRs freely, persuading many PRs to become citizens...who knows, PRs may be allowed to vote in the next elections.

PAP is simply too good for Singaporeans, who will at best blog and whine.

Anonymous said...

When a ship like the Titanic is sailing straight towards an iceberg;
No amount of productivity training is going to save the ship.
Only a major change of course will save the situation.

This is where the phrase "Rearranging the deck chairs on the Titanic" comes from.

Is Singapore the next Titanic?
Is productivity the real solution?
Will a regime change provide the major change of course that is needed?
Will voting in more Opposition MPs provide sufficient momentum to change course to avoid the iceberg?

GE 2016.
You decide.
Choose wisely.

Anonymous said...

Anon@01:23

Beware your over optimism on the the property mkt. Bukit sembawang has cut unsold Paterson Suites apt by 10% effectively. SC global & Ho Bee suffered huge profit decline because high end properties have stopped moving. High End properties ( the equivalent of blue chip stocks) which is the first to run, is indicating mkt is peaking. Property counters are trading at a huge discount to disposal value. But we have you banging the gong, telling everyone that property will continue to go up & Singaporeans shld take huge loans to buy property. Something is not quite right here!

Ng Eng Hou said...

Really not sure if the GE 2011 results will push them much. After all, what's the big deal for a big dominant party to lose a GRC seat. Even senior Lee also said he would not lose any sleep over it.

Meaningful change can only come from people - the voters. Everywhere you go, you hear lots of complaining, but when you look at the election results, really not of much significance. This means to show that complaining and no action seems to be a very predominant habit of a lot of Singaporeans.

I'm not sure, within the next 5 years, how much of this will change. The government seems very confident that it will be business as usual.

I hope I'm not wrong that 2016 will be more or less the same as 2011!

Anonymous said...

"Everywhere you go you hear people complaining.."

Beware it is the cool thing to be pro-opposition now.
So people want to "look" the part and join in with the "complaining". But if you ask them pointblank who they voted, they probably would (or would not) tell you that they actually voted for PAP (the safe choice).

So there are many wolves out there...they want to 'belong'..these are the people who talk one thing, but do another. These are the folks that see where the winds blow..their principles blow accordingly. Many people live in such hypocrisy perhaps because they have other benefits with strings attached. If Opposition parties think they are going to have it good in 2016 automatically, they are so wrong.

All it takes is one bad storm (potential loss of jobs economy) and they will retreat into the caves and vote for the "tried & tested" safe choice. They can't think out of the box, and won't give any opposition a chance, unless you can organize and campaign in a much better and stronger way. So who's your Obama in 2016? Ask yourself that , or don't even bother showing up. It is a make or break for the survival of Singaporeans, and if you don't have it, you shouldn't even be in politics.

Anonymous said...

Hi Lucky,

Here's another excellent article. Could you comment on it? It deserves wider publicity.

http://christopherbalding.com/2012/04/16/the-make-believe-world-of-temasek-holdings-and-singapore-inc/

Anonymous said...

Whatever happened to GCT's vision of the Swiss standard of living ? Lost in the money making process ?

No other government in the world talks about market subsidy. If you do not sell at less than the cost it takes to build something, there is no subsidy but profit instead. In the process of making money, the government mistakes itself to be a private corporation instead of a publicly elected government.

For the idiot who keeps talking of the 60% majority, even the mighty Mayans will meet their demise one day. The only question is when ? So don't be so smuck. Every dog will have his day.

Anonymous said...

Would you comment on the recent comments made by DPM Tharman about the middle and lower income group is NOT affected by the inflation. Its very interesting to note that a Minister with high paying salary to say that the lower and middle income group will not be affected with the inflation. How stupid can the Singapore citizen be to accept his comments.

Anonymous said...

Milking the SG Government had become an industry by itself. look at the various grants, wis, money dispatches to the transport companies, comcare, vouchers system, etc,etc. Normal Singaporeans may not be able to see all the above black swans. However, sharks from all corners of the earths have got scent of it. Together with local sharks usually with political connections are biting at the carcase now before the next GE. They know that come 2016 the oppoturnities may be gone.

Anonymous said...

I was 25 minutes late to work today as the MRT was delayed this morning and I came out 1 hour ahead of time. Fucking PAP system.

Anonymous said...

As the London experts said & I quote " It's fairly common sense and not rocket science" when it come to some of the solutions.
What it really means is we have a bunch of too smart-ass bureaucrats being paid too much to complicate things..they keep adding on more and more complex solutions and eventually the whole operating structure becomes too cumbersome and stupid and frustrating. It goes to shows too much wasteful layers are in between the structures. We need to trim and streamline all these operations. Too much duplication just for the sake of preserverving jobs for some dead woods. Taxpayers are not stupid and they are not willing to waste their money on wasteful projects/resources just so they can "look the part" .

WE already know your jobs doesn't not require million dollars a year.

Anonymous said...

"What they are looking for is an immediate fix, like paying their utitility bills or putting food on their table."

When there is fire, the people expect the firemen with the resources & tools to put out the fire and not to listen to the firemen explain why & how the fire first started and should not have started - n in the meantime the fire is burning down the building while the grandmother's story is being told.

Anonymous said...

///Milking the SG Government had become an industry by itself. look at the various grants, wis, money dispatches to the transport companies, comcare, vouchers system, etc,etc.///

but the govt never prefer outright cash grant to those who need it most (e.g obvious welfare system) - so it has to be funneled through service providers who are too happy to be part of the whole goody-goody programme. So people who are being paid low get workfare. And retrenched workers pretend to go for training course to upgrade while course providers will pretend to teach in the whole going-throuh-the-motion kind of game.

Anonymous said...

Look, nothing is gonna change alright?

Your HDB is still standing
Your Car is still there
Your Maid is still there
Your wife still has a job
You have a job
SPH is still in command
You cant have satelite dish
You cant have 2 passports
You will be sued if you say naughty things about people
You will be arrested under the ISA

Nothing has changed

Anonymous said...

QUOTE
As the London experts said & I quote " It's fairly common sense and not rocket science" when it come to some of the solutions.
UNQUOTE

Examples of;
Common sense for the London expert.
Rocket science for MIWs (Millionaires-In-Waiting)

1.Controlling car population in a small island.
2.Building sufficient affordable flats for a small island when the government owns 80-90% of the land supply.

3.A good teaching method for Mandarin as a 2nd language after 47 years of trial and error since 1965.
4. An adequate MRT system for a small island.

Did I miss anything else?

TokyoSingaporean said...

" And whether these beliefs, though they have brought the country from marshland to metropolis, are still sustainable."

Singapore is not a metropolis but a city state.

A metropolis is collection of cities in particular districts. For example, Tokyo Prefecture is a metropolis as it is a collection of a dozen cities from Higashiyamato, Tachikawa, Shinjuku, Kunitachi, etc.. And that is just Tokyo prefecture alone.

We need to have a sense of proportion. Singapore is a tiny island that is trying to survive and it is unwise to have a boatloads of immigrants who are disconnected with the larger population as an intelligent way to promote economic growth. It is a quick fix. There will be serious implications in a few decades of this policy.

I would urge fellow Singaporeans to consider working overseas for better job opportunities and quality of life as the physical limitations of the island and its leadership is putting a strain on its citizens.

Anonymous said...

Common sense is not so common.

But do you need common sense to win an election?

Anonymous said...

"I would urge fellow Singaporeans to consider working overseas for better job opportunities and quality of life as the physical limitations of the island and its leadership is putting a strain on its citizens."
TokyoSingaporean 10/5/12 08:42

That's a common sense statement.

Easy to say but is it easy to achieve as you wish?

Anonymous said...

"Easy to say but is it easy to achieve as you wish?"

We will never know unless we try.
Especially when we are still young.

Otherwise we will grow old and senile on this tiny island?
And start calling everybody daft?

Anonymous said...

Hougang voters got free porridge and hearing aids in the months leading up to the by elections.

Just before elections;
100,000 FELDA voters in Malaysia will each receive S$6,100 in cash and also shares in a company which will soon be listed.
Straits Times
9 May 2012,
Page A4.

Singaporean voters sure are cheap and easy.

Anonymous said...

LHL already said sorry during the GE2011. Let's give PAP another chance.

I regretted voting for Opposition in 2011. The Yaw SL saga has make me lost faith in opposition.

Anonymous said...

I regretted voting for PAP in 2011. Choo Wee Khiang (former PAP Millionaire Pending, MP) has made me lose faith in the Pro Alien Party.

http://singaporedesk.blogspot.com/2012/05/haste-makes-waste.html#comment-form

http://forum.channelnewsasia.com/showthread.php?21660-former-PAP-MP-Choo-Wee-Khiang-charged-with-corruption

Anonymous said...

"LHL already said sorry during the GE2011."

So?
Yaw SL has already resigned.

You don't see LHL resigning after GE 2011 do you?

Anonymous said...

I voted for the Workers' Party in the last election. It was my first time voting for them. Unless they start making speeches that they will contend to be the next parliament, I will not continue to vote for the opposition and vote PAP.

Opposition, you better step up.

Anonymous said...

If you vote PAP,
and PAP wins,
Hougang voters will no longer have free porridge and free hearing aids.

Vote Opposition if you want the freebies to continue.

Anonymous said...

Vote PAP, things remains status quo. Vote opposition, PAP will bend over to win your vote. Don't be daft, Singaporeans

Anonymous said...

The old and sick avoid seeking treatment because medical costs are beyond the rich. Citizens are tolerating the overcrowded and frequently break-down MRT because of the presence of so many foreign workers and cars out of the reach of most. Citizens do not enjoy wage rise because the wage is repressed by foreigners flooded into Singapore by MIWs. People are in debt their whole working life because the MIWs allowed the getting-smaller HDB flats to sky-rocket in price. How have MIWs improve the life of average Singaporeans. Their policies have caused even more misery. Still thinking of voting for PAP. Singaporeans are not called daft without reasons

Gintai_昇泰 said...

Very well written article painting in broad strokes the problems facing us and will contd to face us. I just want to point out it's Changi depot and not "Bedok" depot as stated in the article.

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